|Molecular weight||482.441 g/mol|
|Names and Identifiers|
|Traditional Name||Isosilibinin, SILYMARIN, Silibinin|
|CAS Registry Number||22888-70-6, 65666-07-1|
Silibinin (INN), also known as silybin (both from Silybum, the generic name of the plant from which it is extracted), is the major active constituent of silymarin, a standardized extract of the milk thistle seeds, containing a mixture of flavonolignans consisting of silibinin, isosilibinin, silicristin, silidianin, and others. Silibinin itself is a mixture of two diastereomers, silybin A and silybin B, in approximately equimolar ratio. The mixture exhibits a number of pharmacological effects, particularly in the liver, and there is some clinical evidence for the use of silibinin as a supportive element in alcoholic and child grade ‘A’ liver cirrhosis.