|Molecular weight||206.318 g/mol|
|Names and Identifiers||
|Traditional Name||Lipoic acid, α-lipoic acid, alpha lipoic acid, thioctic acid|
|CAS Registry Number||1200-22-2|
Lipoic acid (LA), also known as α-lipoic acid and alpha lipoic acid (ALA) and thioctic acid is an organosulfur compound derived from caprylic acid (octanoic acid). ALA is made in animals normally, and is essential for aerobic metabolism. It is also manufactured and is available as a dietary supplement in some countries where it is marketed as an antioxidant, and is available as a pharmaceutical drug in other countries.
Lipoic acid (LA), also known as α-lipoic acid, alpha lipoic acid (ALA) and thioctic acid is an organosulfur compound derived from octanoic acid. LA contains two sulfur atoms (at C6 and C8) connected by a disulfide bond and is thus considered to be oxidized although either sulfur atom can exist in higher oxidation states. The carbon atom at C6 is chiral and the molecule exists as two enantiomers (R)-(+)-lipoic acid (RLA) and (S)-(-)-lipoic acid (SLA) and as a racemic mixture (R/S)-lipoic acid (R/S-LA). LA appears physically as a yellow solid and structurally contains a terminal carboxylic acid and a terminal dithiolane ring. For use in dietary supplement materials and compounding pharmacies, the USP has established an official monograph for R/S-LA.